Vs 1-3 “On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there; and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “‘They have no wine.'”
Wine was a symbol of much rejoicing and celebration – joy and happiness! It’s a wedding, a day of beauty, a new family starting out; a day of guests, dancing and singing. Now they have no wine! Oh no! To run out of wine would mean tremendous embarrassment. MAJOR BUMMER. They’re in a panic about it.
This is Jesus’ first miracle in the book of John. And this miracle seems to be the moment of launch for his ministry. Every person who has ever been in ministry has that moment of the first time they go out and minister to others.
Vs 4-6 “And Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does that have to do with us? My hour has not yet come.’ His mother said to the servants, ‘Whatever He says to you, do it.'”
Woman – Jesus responds and addresses his mother with a respectful term, not a demeaning use of the word. For example, when Jesus was hanging on the cross in John 19:26 ‘When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!”’
His mother, Mary, shows faith in Him as God – “Whatever He says to you, do it.”
“The recorded words of Mary are few. However, it is good to pay attention to her words that are recorded, because they consistently glorify Jesus, not Mary herself. If only we would obey Mary’s direction, whatever He says to you, do it.”
Vs 6-10 “Now there were six stone waterpots set there for the Jewish custom of purification, containing twenty or thirty gallons each. Jesus said to them, ‘Fill the waterpots with water.’ So they filled them up to the brim. And He said to them, ‘Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.’ So they took it to him. When the headwaiter tasted the water which had become wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the headwaiter called the bridegroom, and said to him, ‘Every man serves the good wine first, and whenthe people have drunk freely, then he serves the poorerwine; but you have kept the good wine until now.'”
The Miracle – Jesus does this incredible thing, turning big jugs of water into wine, really good wine according to the Bible.
“How did Jesus actually do miracles? He did them in many different ways. Here, Jesus did not say a word or blink an eye. He merely exercised His will and the miracle was done.
Moses turned water into blood, showing that the Law results in death (Exodus 7:17-21). But Jesus’ first miracle turned water into wine, showing the gladness and joy of His new work. This acts out what John said in John 1:17: For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.”
There is so much joy and gladness in our hearts when we serve others! Yet sometimes in our service or ministry, it can become a chore. That’s not God’s heart. Find the joy Christ has for you in giving of yourself.
In all things I have shown you that by working hard in this way we must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he himself said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’” ~ Acts 20:35
Vs 11 “This beginning of His signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.”
Disciples believe – Since this was His first miracle, it’s the first time the disciples have seen Him do one. Remember how we learned that the disciples had been told by others (and originally by John the Baptist) that Jesus is the Messiah (see The Role of John the Baptist). They had all believed on simple faith and the testimony of others. Now here, Jesus does a miracle right in front of them. It is such a wonderful experience when God does a miracle that bolsters or lifts up or encourages our faith. Perhaps we have already believed, but then God does something amazing that shows us He is in control. In doing so, He affirms and encourages our faith.
– The birth of Isaac in Genesis 21:1-7
– The destruction of Pharaohs army and the saving of the new Hebrew nation in Exodus 14:26-30
In both situations, the faith of the people was there, but seeing God do the miracle was so beautiful and encouraging!
Recently at our house we had a roof repair that desparately needed to be done (water leaking in winter = bad stuff), and we didn’t have the money to pay for it. God knew about the problem, and we certainly prayed a lot about it, and He provided the funds just in time!
Here in vs. 11 it says “and His disciples believed in Him.” They had already believed in Him enough to follow, but now seeing the miracle strengthened their faith!
Now to the temple we go….
Vs 13-14 “The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables.”
Jesus goes into the temple and sees these salesmen selling the sacrificial animals and taking advantage of the believers that were there. They were selling the sheep, ox, and pigeons at a high profit and taking advantage of the believers who came to honor God in the temple. They were making money from people who were there to faithfully give.
Regardless of the high profit, the selling of the sacrificial animals right there in the temple would have really taken away from the purpose of the temple which was to be a place to go and worship God. Can you imagine if in the hallways of Sunday School we had people out there to sell you the pencils you used in class today, or the worksheet we give you to write on, or maybe we charge you a dollar each time we loan you a Bible? That would really be irritating and distracting wouldn’t it? It would take your mind and your heart off of God, and put your focus on the fact that you had to scrape together a dollar to rent that Bible.
That’s not how God intended for His people in church to act or how He wanted people to feel when they come to church.
Vs 15-16 “And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; and to those who were selling the doves He said, ‘Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.'”
Psalm 69:9 “For zeal for your house has consumed me…” This was a biblical, righteous anger. Jesus saw wrong being done and put a stop to it! That’s what God calls us to do. Step in and defend the helpless or those in need.
I have a friend who, when he was in high school years ago, stepped into a situation where another kid was being bullied. My friend was hit so hard on the side of his head that he lost his hearing in one ear that day. But today he can stand up and say he did what was right and helped someone in desperate need.
Vs 23 “Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing.”
When the people saw His miracles, many of them believed in Him that He is who He says He is – God come to earth to be our Savior. For some people, that’s how they come to faith in Jesus. They see a miracle happen and their eyes are opened then. For others, like the disciples, they believe first and then they see God do miracles. God reaches each of us in different ways.