Remember when we finished last week’s lesson, we saw that Jesus was never convicted of any wrongdoing, even after going through multiple trials before several courts. He was an innocent man sentenced to die. Innocent not only before God as we are shown in the Bible, but He was even innocent before the Roman and Jewish courts.
Today we’re going to look at just some of the prophecies that were fulfilled in this one chapter of John 19.
Vs 1-3 “Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, and said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.”
Fulfillment as described by Matthew Henry: “That the scripture might be fulfilled, which spoke of his being stricken, smitten, and afflicted, and the chastisement of our peace being upon him (Isaiah 53:5), of his giving his back to the smiters (Isa. 50:6), of the plowers plowing upon his back, Psalm 129:3. He himself likewise had foretold it, see Matt. 20:19; Mark 10:34; Luke 18:33.
Isaiah 53:5 “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.”
Isaiah 50:6 “I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.” He gave His back to those that scourged Him.
Psalm 129:3 “The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.” This is the stripes of the scourging on His back.
Vs 4-6 “Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.”
This is a fulfillment of Isaiah 53:9 “And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither deceit in his mouth.” He was completely innocent, yet He was sentenced and killed.
Also look at Psalm 69:4 “They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away.” He was hated, accused, and killed for no legal reason.
Vs. 7-9 “The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; and went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.”
This is a fulfillment of Isaiah 53:7 “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.”. Even though He was accused multiple times, He refused to respond to their accusations.
Vs 10-18 “Then saith Pilate unto him, ‘Speakest thou not unto me? Knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?’ Jesus answered, ‘Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.’ And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, ‘If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.’ When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, ‘Behold your King!’ But they cried out, ‘Away with him, away with him, crucify him.’ Pilate saith unto them, ‘Shall I crucify your King?’ The chief priests answered, ‘We have no king but Caesar.’ Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.”
Verse 18 fulfills the prophecies that Jesus would be counted among the criminals and also that He would be killed specifically by crucifixion!
Check out Psalm 22:16 “For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.” (He was surrounded by criminals, and killed by crucifixion where they pierced the hands and feet.)
And also Isaiah 53:12 “Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”
Vs 19-24 “And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate answered, ‘What I have written I have written.’ Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.”
This is fulfillment of Psalm 22:18 “They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.”
Vs 25-29 “Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, “I thirst”. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.”
This is a fulfillment of Psalm 69:21 “They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.” The word “vinegar” describes the sour wine He was given. Psalm 69 provides us an incredible picture of Jesus Christ as He was sent to die for all mankind.
Vs 30-37 “When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and break the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they break not his legs: but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.”
Again Old Testament scripture is fulfilled here and similar to the passage above on the soldiers that divided His clothing, this scripture recites the passages that are proven to be true.
Psalm 34:20 “He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.” None of Jesu’ bones were broken in His execution even though that was a very common way of pushing things along.
In Exodus we see an explanation of the Passover Lamb whose purpose was to cover the Jewish household so that they were spared the death and punishment that the Egyptians would suffer. Jesus became our Passover Lamb, and as such, His bones couldn’t be broken. (Click here for more on Jesus as our Passover Lamb)
Exodus 12:46 “In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.”
Zechariah 12:10 describes another prophecy about Jesus’ execution which was fulfilled here in John 19 – the “piercing” of Jesus: “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.”
Vs 38-42 “And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.”
He was put into a rich man’s grave in fulfillment of Isaiah 53:9: “And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death…”
The life and death of Jesus fulfills many, many prophecies from hundreds and thousands of years before His birth, and in fact Jesus even predicts many of the circumstances around His own death. The fact that He is God cannot be denied.
The prophecies surrounding Jesus’ life and His crucifixion are many, and there is no way I could possibly get them all here, nor was I even able to include all of the prophetic verses and fulfillment verses. I encourage you to read the Bible. You will be amazed. Start at the very beginning and read until the end, then start over!
Psalm 22 is the Psalm quoted most often in the New Testament and along with Isaiah 53 is loaded with prophecy about Jesus and His crucifixion. Both are worth reading in their entirety so I’m linking them here.
Also, here is a great short study called “Messianic Prophecies” from bible.org as written by J. Hampton Keathley, III.